Phthalates are a class of widely used plasticizer, modified or softening of the plastic from the role in the prevalence of plastic and paint. There are several phthalates are considered hazardous substances, limit use. SUNDE test to provide you with o-testing services.
The application of phthalates Plastic, and our daily lives in this man-made substances, by adding phthalate plasticizers, and has good ductility and stable physical and chemical properties, so it is widely used in building materials, furniture and equipment, means of transport materials, clothing, food packaging and pharmaceutical products. Also widely used phthalate in nail polish and other cosmetics, dyes, PVC flooring, artificial leather and some adhesives. In daily and industrial polymers has been widely added to plastic products, such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polypropylene (PP), foam, can also be added to adhesives, coatings, inks. Also used in carpet pads, insect repellent, hair spray, nail polish, etc. Plastics most commonly phthalates are added to the following six: 1, isononyl phthalate ester Diisononyl Phthalate (DINP); 2, dioctyl ester Di-n-octyl Phthalate (DNOP); 3, isodecyl phthalate ester Diisodecyl Phthalate (DIDP); 4, phthalate (2 - ethylhexyl) ester Bis-(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate (DEHP) 5, dibutyl phthalate Dibutyl Phthalate (DBP) 6, n-butyl phthalate phenyl Benzylbutyl Phthalate (BBP)
The dangers of phthalates According to overseas research, phthalate esters in addition to the production process, use, or added to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) when released into the environment, via food, air and other means of inhaled into the body, interfering organisms endocrine, encumber reproductive function of organisms, causing cancer, likely to cause deformed children.
Phthalates ordering 1, the EU Directive 2005/84/EC Lists the six phthalate esters: phthalate -2-- ethylhexyl ester DEHP, dibutyl phthalate DBP, butyl benzyl phthalate ester BBP, phthalate isononyl ester DINP, Kwai different phthalate ester DIDP, dioctyl ester DnOP restrictions: Toys or childcare articles of plastics contained in the three types of phthalates (DEHP, DBP and BBP), the concentration should not exceed 0.1%, shall not be sold in the EU market; Children can be put into the mouth of toys and childcare articles, the plastic contains three types of phthalates (DINP, DIDP and DnOP), the concentration should not exceed 0.1%, shall not be sold in the EU market; Each individual does not exceed 0.1%.
REACH regulations October 28, 2008, the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) officially announced SVHC (SVHC) The list includes the phthalate -2-- ethylhexyl (DEHP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), in accordance with REACH regulations, SVHC items containing more than 0.1% of the customers and suppliers need to provide consumers with information on the safe use of goods, l from December 2011 onwards, these products of manufacturers and importers, responsibility to the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) for communications.
U.S. limits for phthalates February 6, 2009, CPSC U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission issued guidance documents, required since February 10, 2009, the children's toys or child care in the six types of phthalates (DEHP, DBP, BBP, DINP, DIDP, DnOP) content of not more than 0.1%, excessive amount of any product, regardless of when the manufacturer, shall not import, distribution and sale. In 2008, promulgated the "2008 Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act HR4040" (CPSIA) also prohibits excessive levels of phthalates in children's products exports.
Argentina (execution date 2008.9.9) All toys or childcare articles: DEHP + DBP + BBP ≤ 0.1% All toys can be placed in the mouth or child care: DEHP + DBP + BBP + DINP + DIDP + DNOP ≤ 0.1%
Brazil (execution date 2008.3) All vinyl toys: a single class of phthalates (DEHP, DBP, BBP) ≤ 0.1% For children under 3 years of all the vinyl toys: a single class of phthalates (DEHP, DBP, BBP, DINP, DIDP, DNOP) ≤ 0.1%
Denmark: implementation date 2006.7.11 In accordance with the provisions of 2005/84/EC For children under 3 years old and can be placed in the mouth or child care all play: all other phthalates ≤ 0.05% of total
Japan: execution date 2003.8 All synthetic resin toys: prohibit the use of DEHP For children under 6 years of age or, in direct contact with children mouth toys for all synthetic resin: prohibit the use of DEHP, DINP