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GOST Marking
U.S. FDA inspection of food contact materials

The US Food and Drug Administration, a subordinate of the US Department of Health, Education and Welfare, is in charge of the management of the drugs, food, biological, cosmetic, veterinary drug, medical equipment and diagnostic product all over the country. In the States, FDA controls most contacting with food products through Food Additives Petition (FAP). If a certain type of food additive or food contacting material is approved by the FAP, then it will be recorded into a relevant regulation in the US FDA CFR 21 PARTS 170-189. Manufacturers shall comply with food laws strictly in order to produce qualified food contacting products and materials. Once pass the test, the enterprise can acquire competitive advantages, loyalty customers, thus acquire considerable economic benefits.

The common test items of FDA certification are as follows

Material quality

Test item

Test standard

(PP)

Total extractable fraction in n-hexane

21 CFR 177.1520

Soluble fraction in xylene

Melting point

Density

(PE)

Total extractable fraction in n-hexane

21 CFR 177.1520

Soluble fraction in xylene

Density

TPR

Total extractable fraction in D.I. water for 7 hours

21 CFR 177.2600

- Total extractable fraction in D.I. water for 7 hours then maintaining for 2 hours.

Total extractable fraction in  n-hexane  for 7 hours

Total extractable fraction in  n-hexane  for 7 hours then maintaining for 2 hours

(PC)

Total extractable fraction in D.I. water

21 CFR 177.1580

Total extractable fraction in 50% ethanol

Total extractable fraction in n-heptane

(AS)

Residual acrylonitrile monomer

21 CFR 177.1040

The maximum extractable fraction

(PS)

Styrene monomer content

21 CFR 177.1640

SBCs

Solubility

21 CFR 177.1810

Total extractable fraction in D.I. water

Total extractable fraction in 50% ethanol

Acrylic resin

Total extractable fraction of non-volatile in D.I. water

21 CFR 177.1010

Total extractable fraction of non-volatile in 8% ethanol

Total extractable fraction of non-volatile in n-heptane

Total extractable fraction of absorbance of potassium permanganate oxidizable in D.I. water

Total extractable fraction of absorbance of potassium permanganate oxidizable in 8% ethanol

Total extractable fraction of absorbance of potassium permanganate oxidizable in 50% ethanol

Total extractable fraction of UV absorbance in D.I. water

Total extractable fraction of UV absorbance in 8% ethanol

Total extractable fraction of UV absorbance in 50% ethanol

Total extractable fraction of in n-heptane

(SMMA)

Total extractable fraction of non-volatile in D.I. water

21 CFR 177.1830

Total extractable fraction of non-volatile in 8% ethanol

Total extractable fraction of non-volatile in n-heptane

Total extractable fraction of absorbance of potassium permanganate oxidizable in D.I. water

Total extractable fraction of absorbance of potassium permanganate oxidizable in 8% ethanol

Total extractable fraction of absorbance of potassium permanganate oxidizable in 50% ethanol

Total extractable fraction of UV absorbance in D.I. water

Total extractable fraction of UV absorbance in 8% ethanol

Total extractable fraction of UV absorbance in 50% ethanol

Total extractable fraction of in n-heptane

(ABS)

Total extractable fraction of residual acrylonitrile monomer in D.I. water

21 CFR 181.32&21 CFR 180.22

Total extractable fraction of residual acrylonitrile monomer in 3% acetic acid

Total extractable fraction of residual acrylonitrile monomer in 8% ethanol

Total extractable fraction of residual acrylonitrile monomer in n-heptane

Food container cover with seal gasket

Total extractable fraction of chloroform in D.I. water

21 CFR 177.1210

Total extractable fraction of chloroform in n-heptane

Total extractable fraction of chloroform in 8% ethanol

Resin and Polymer coating

Total extractable fraction in D.I. water

21 CFR 175.300

Total extractable fraction in n-heptane

Total extractable fraction in 8% ethanol

Paper and paper board

Total extractable fraction in D.I. water

21 CFR 176.170

Total extractable fraction in n-heptane

Total extractable fraction in ethanol

Melamine resin

Total extractable fraction of chloroform in D.I. water

21 CFR 177.1460

Total extractable fraction of chloroform in n-heptane

Total extractable fraction of chloroform in 8% ethanol

Nylon

Melting point

21 CFR 177.1500

Density

4.2mol/L沸腾盐酸中的溶解度

Total extractable fraction in D.I. water

Total extractable fraction in 95% ethanol

Total extractable fraction in ethyl acetate

Total extractable fraction in benzene

(POM)

Total extractable fraction of chloroform in D.I. water

21 CFR 177.2470

Total extractable fraction of chloroform in 8% ethanol

Total extractable fraction of chloroform in n-heptane

Total extractable fraction in D.I. water

Total extractable fraction in 8% ethanol

Total extractable fraction in n-heptane

(POM)

Total extractable fraction of chloroform in D.I. water

21 CFR 177.2480

Total extractable fraction of chloroform in 8% ethanol

Total extractable fraction of chloroform in n-heptane

Formaldehyde content

Total extractable fraction in D.I. water

Total extractable fraction in 8% ethanol

Melting point

Density

Polysulfone resin

Total extractable fraction in D.I. water

21 CFR 177.1655

Total extractable fraction in 50% ethanol

Total extractable fraction in 3% acetic acid

Total extractable fraction in n-heptane

Urea resin

Total extractable fraction in D.I. water

21 CFR 177.1900

Total extractable fraction in n-heptane

Total extractable fraction in 8% ethanol

Polyester resin

Total extractable fraction of chloroform in D.I. water

21 CFR 177.2420

Total extractable fraction of chloroform in 8% ethanol

Total extractable fraction of chloroform in 50%ethanol

Total extractable fraction of non-volatile in n-heptane

 

Ceramic and glass product

Extractable Lead

FDA CPG 7117.06,07 / A.O.A.C. 15th.Ed.(973.32)

Extractable Cadmium

Enamel cookware

Extractable Lead

FDA CPG 7117.06,07 / A.O.A.C. 15th.Ed.(984.19)

Extractable Cadmium

Silver-plated tableware

Extractable Lead

FDA / CPG 7117.05

Cup edge test

Lead, Cadmium

U.S. SGCD & CSC ASTM C-927 (Rim-Area)

Internal contact with food parts of ceramic and glass container

Extractable Lead

California 65

Extractable Cadmium

Exterior decoration of ceramic and glass product

Lead, Cadmium

California 65

Stainless steel and metal

Total extractable fraction in D.I. water

21 CFR 175.300

Total extractable fraction in n-heptane

 

Phenolic resin

Total extractable fraction in D.I. water

21 CFR 177.2410

Total extractable fraction of phenol in D.I. water

Chloroethylene and vinyl copolymer

Total extractable fraction in D.I. water

21CFR 177.1950

Total extractable fraction in n-heptane

Wood product

PCP

21 CFR 178.3800