All the articles for daily use by children as the special group with incomplete self-protection capability are subject to special requirements. In terms of designing and manufacturing children’s garments, considerations should also be given to behavioral and psychological characteristics of children in addition to conventional factors which threaten human safety. In recent years, the international community has increasingly attached great importance to safety aspects of children’s garments, which was accompanied by the promulgation of laws and regulations for healthy development of children both physically and mentally.
International standards * British national standard BS7907:2007 released in December, 2007 has more particulars than the 1997 version which provided that accessories such as buttons should not drop in the case of force being less than 70N; * European standard EN14682:2007 was also promulgated in December, 2007 and provides that no cord for pocket should be looped in a diameter being more than 75mm and average length of cord outside garments is not permitted to exceed 23mm; European standard EN71-2 provides that fabric combustion rate is not permitted to exceed 30mm/s； EU Directive 2002/61/EC provides that the application of harmful azo dyes is limited in member countries； EU Directive 2005/84/EC provides that the content of diethyl phthalate（DEHP）is not permitted to exceed 0.1%.
Key controlled substances Execss content of heavy metal lead and nickel Resin patterns or fabric coatings on some children’s garments contain excessive lead in terms of the standard；the buttons, zippers, rivets, press-buttons, ornamental plates and other metallic auxiliary materials contain nickel coating or are made of nickel alloy. Heavy metals, once absorbed by human body, may accumulate in human liver, skeleton, kidney, heart and brain and cause irreversible great damage to human health.
Content of diethyl phthalate in excess of the standard Polyethylene materials used in some children’s garments such as plastic bibs, plastic reflective stripes, plastic ornamental plates, and ornaments for performance in festivals contain excessive diethyl phthalate in terms of the standard. Excessive diethyl phthalate will cause infertility or adverse effects on fetus.
Forbidden azo dyes Forbidden azo dyes may generate carcinogenic aromatic amine under certain conditions and change the structure of human DNA by means of activation and result in pathological changes or cancer.
Content of formaldehyde in excess of the standard As the finishing agent for textile process, formaldehyde is commonly contained in resin or other auxiliary agents. Formaldehyde has been confirmed by World Health Organization as carcinogenic and teratogenic substance. Excessive use of formaldehyde may cause serious inflammation of mucous membrane and respiratory tract and also dermitis. It is more harmful for children’s respiratory tract and skin which are tender and underperform in tolerance.
Other substances affecting physical and psychological health and safety of children Ornamental compasses on some children’s garments are injected with mineral oil of alkane type, absorption of which will easily cause chemical pneumonia.