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CE Certification Introduction
author:admin adddate:2011-08-10 from:SUNDE

First, what is the CE mark?
In recent years, the European Economic Area (the European Union, European Free Trade Association member countries, except Switzerland) on the market of commodities, CE mark to use more and more CE mark affixed to goods that meet the safety, health, environmental and consumer protection series of European directives to express requirements.
 
Second, the letters CE mean?
In the past, European countries on the import and sale of products require different standards based on a country-made goods to other countries is very likely not be listed as part of efforts to eliminate trade barriers, CE came into being. Therefore, CE behalf of the European unification (CONFORMITE EUROPEENNE). In fact, CE or European languages ​​in many countries of the "EC" is the abbreviation of the phrase, the original phrase in English EUROPEAN COMMUNITY abbreviated as EC, because EC is in the French after COMMUNATE EUROPEIA, Italian for the COMUNITA EUROPEA , Portuguese is COMUNIDADE EUROPEIA, Spanish COMUNIDADE EUROPE, etc., so change the EC for the CE. Of course, may also wish to CE as CONFORMITY WITH EUROPEAN (DEMAND) (in line with European (requirements)).
 
Three, CE mark on its significance
The significance of CE marking: CE acronyms used symbols that CE marked products comply with the relevant European Directive the main requirements (Essential Requirements), and to confirm that the product has passed the corresponding conformity assessment procedures and / or manufacturing suppliers declaration of conformity, and truly become the products were allowed to enter the European market permits. For instructions to add the CE mark of industrial products, there is no CE mark may not be listed for sale, has been affixed CE mark to market the product and found that do not meet the safety requirements should be ordered to withdraw from the market, continuing violation of Directive CE mark requirements for , will be restricted or prohibited from entering the EU market or be forced out of the market.
 
Four, CE mark has not prove that the meaning of acceptable quality
Constitute the core of the European directive "major requirements" in the EC May 7, 1985 of (85/C136/01) No. "technical coordination and standards for new methods of resolution" on the need for the development and implementation of the directive purpose. " main requirements "has a specific meaning, only products that do not endanger humans, animals and goods security basic safety requirements, rather than the general quality requirements, coordination of the main requirements of Directive only provides general instructions to the standard task. Products comply with relevant directives of the main requirements, you can attach the CE mark, rather than by the quality of the standard provisions of the general determination whether the use of the CE mark. Therefore, the exact meaning is: CE mark is a sign not of acceptable quality safety approval mark.
 A kite with a CE mark, does not mean that can fly well, but only that the kite meet safety requirements.
 
Five, CE mark for which products? Will be implemented?
As of December 2009, the EC issued the instruction following the implementation of the CE mark, now applies to products, instruction number, release date, a list of implementation dates, respectively:
Directive Number Effective Date Name
Simple pressure vessels 87/404/EEC 1992 年 7 月 1 日
Toys 88/378/EEC 1990 年 1 月 1 日
Building Supplies 89/106/EEC 1991 年 6 月 27 日
EMC 2004/104/EC 2004 年 12 月 15 日
Machinery 2006/42/EC 2009 年 12 月 29 日
Personal Protective Equipment 89/686/EEC 1995 年 7 月 1 日
Non-automatic weighing instruments 90/384/EEC 1993 年 1 月 1 日
Initiative implantable medical devices 90/385/EEC 1994 年 12 月 31 日
Gas appliances 90/396/EEC 1995 年 12 月 31 日
Boilers 92/42/EEC 1998 年 1 月 1 日
Blasting products 93/15/EEC 2003 年 1 月 1 日
General Medical Devices 93/42/EEC 1998 年 6 月 15 日
Low Voltage Electrical Safety 2006/95/EC 2006 年 12 月 12 日
Blasting equipment used environment 94/9/EC 2003 年 6 月 30 日
Water sports boats 94/25/EC 1998 年 6 月 16 日
Lifting equipment 95/16/EC 1999 年 7 月 1 日
Household refrigerating appliances 96/57/EC 1999 年 9 月 3 日
Pressure Equipment 97/23/EC 2002 年 5 月 29 日
Communications equipment 98/13/EEC 1992 年 11 月 6 / May 1, 1995
In vitro diagnostic medical devices 98/79/EC 2003 年 12 月 7 日
Radio and telecommunications terminal equipment 99/5/EC 2000 年 4 月 8 日
Cableway 2000/9/EC 2002 年 5 月 3 日
Ambient noise equipment 2000/14/EC 2002 年 1 月 30 日
Fluorescent lamp ballasts 2000/55/EC 2000 年 10 月 8 日


Six, when a product covered by both multiple instructions, how to use the CE mark?
When a product is also covered by several directives, the product only in full compliance with the directive requirements, in order to affix the CE mark. For example: if a security check only do energy-saving lamps (low voltage test), does not constitute a sufficient condition for the CE mark, and only in the Low Voltage Directive and EMC Directive can be applied after the meet CE mark.
 
Seven, for the use of CE marking vendor selection model there?
Currently, the EU approved the use of CE marking has the following eight kinds of patterns:
(A) the plant self-control and certification.
Module A (internal production control):
1. For simple, high-volume, non-hazardous products, only to apply European standards for manufacturers.
2. Factory for qualified self-assessment, self-declaration.
3. Technical documents submitted to state institutions than ten years, on this basis, can review and inspection to determine whether the product complies with Directive, producers and even to provide product design, production and assembly process for inspection.
4. Do not need to declare its production process to ensure that products can consistently meet the requirements.
Module Ab:
1. Manufacturer fails to European standards.
2. Testing agency for special parts of the product random testing.
(B) be reviewed by the testing agency.
Module B (EC type assessment):
Plant samples and technical documents to send to the selected testing agency for its review, the test certificate issued by the agency.
Note: Only CE-B is insufficient to constitute use.
Module C (with type [sample] line) + B:
Factory for Declaration of Conformity (consistent with the certified type), the statement than ten years.
Module D (production process quality control) + B:
This model concern the production process and final product control, factory testing agency in accordance with the approved methods (quality system, EN29003) for production, on the basis of this statement in its product line with the Certification Type (Declaration of Conformity).
Module E (product quality control) + B:
This model is concerned only with the final product control (EN29003), the other with Module D.
Module F (product testing) + B:
Factory to ensure that its production process to ensure products meet the requirements for declaration of conformity. Recognized testing organization through the entire inspection or spot checks to verify the conformity of the product. Testing issues certificates.
Module G (one by one test):
Factory statement complies with Directive requirements, submit to the testing agency technical parameters of products, product testing agency to inspect the certificates.
Module H (comprehensive quality control):
This model concern the design, production process and final product control (EN29001). Rest with Module D + Module E. Among them, the model F + B, G model risk is particularly high for the product.
 
Eight, with CE mark, which need to go through the legal process?
Manufacturers according to the following major steps:
1. CE mark according to instructions on the use of conformity assessment model, through which the requirements of conformity assessment principles and Council Directive No. 93/465/EEC, in eight select the appropriate authentication mode in the model.
2. According to instructions to apply for a self-assessment or assessment or compulsory third-party applications for certification bodies recognized by the European Community notification procedures after the assessment, the preparation of the manufacturer's declaration of conformity and self-assessment (or) a recognized certification body CE certificate, or permit the use as you can prerequisite for the CE mark.
3. By the manufacturer in accordance with the provisions of the Directive through the mode of conformity assessment, self-produced or attach a CE mark and the instructions provided additional information.
4. The Directive should be part of the CE mark, then attach a recognized certification agency identification number, approved by the Executive conformity assessment certification bodies to attach themselves, or by the manufacturer or its agents responsible for the increase in the EC attached. Of particularly dangerous products, instructions provided by the mandatory product certification body recognized by the sample test and (or) quality system approved, shall be assessed first obtain approval before they were allowed to use the CE mark.
 
Nine, CE mark to accept targets?
CE mark for EU member states accepted the object responsible for implementing product safety control of the national market regulatory authorities, rather than the customer, when a product has been CE mark attached, the member responsible for sales of safety oversight should be assumed to comply with directives main request, free circulation in the EC market.
 
Ten, who is responsible for the accuracy of the CE mark?
Manufacturer or its agents, or importers of EU member states must be responsible for the correctness of the CE mark.
 
Eleven, CE mark is available for advertising use?
CE mark is the official marketing product safety control design, not production for the consumer, nor is it marketing tool and therefore not suitable for advertising. However, in the production of your product catalog, printed in the directory do not forget to legally obtain the CE mark.
 
Twelve, who awarded the CE mark?
CE mark is not by any official authority, the certification body or test laboratory issued, but by the manufacturer or its agents according to the eight modes in one (or mixed), self-produced and affixed.
Thirteen, CE Declaration of Conformity with or without a standard format?
Directive does not provide a fixed format, but many agencies are designed to have its own fixed format.

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