EN 15194 Notes
- Electric power two-wheelers when designing more than 25 kilometers per hour when not within the scope of this standard, should apply for E-MARK.
- Electric power two-wheelers parts also need to meet this standard, including battery, charger, controller and mechanical parts.
EN 15194 certified manufacturer of significance for China
- According to regulations, starting from July 2009, within the scope of the standard power-assisted bicycle must be certified by EN15194 product can be sold in the EU market. - EN 15194 standard for the international electric bicycle for the first comprehensive safety standards, the product can be proved by the EN 15194 test products meet world-class level, and on the enterprise market has a positive role in promoting
Electric bicycle (EPAC) issued safety standards EN 15194:2009
April 30, 2009, 30 countries National Bureau of Standards (NSBs) officially announced the EN 15194 standard for power scooters (EPAC) safety standards. This thirty countries including 27 EU Member States and the European Free Trade Association of Iceland, Norway and Switzerland. EPAC standard is published by the National Bureau of Standards in effect. Currently, Estonia, Latvia, Malta, Ireland, Austria, Sweden and Slovenia, has announced that the standard of national standards, the other 20 EU Member States and three European Free Trade Association country's National Bureau of Standards, July 31, 2009 will be before the date of publication of this standard.
EPAC standard in six months after publication, all of Europe and the European Free Trade Association of the national standards organizations will EPAC standards as national standards, as performed at the same time July 31, 2009, before any national standards should be based on past to undo. EPAC implementation of the standards vary by country. So far, France and Britain it as a mandatory law. Some other countries, the European product safety standards are part of the management.
EN 15194 for those systems use a voltage is not higher than the current 48-volt battery or 230 volt input power scooters battery chargers and accessories designed and assembled to develop a security assessment requirements and test methods.
EN 15194 includes the following requirements:
Cables and lines
The maximum speed of the power to help move
Maximum power measurement
It also includes identification and labeling recommendations and instructions.
The standard range of products covered by the maximum continuous rated power of 0,25 kW of power scooters, and in the process of moving the output power will be gradually reduced until the speed reaches 25 km / h or rider to stop riding a car the final cut.
The regulations cover the characteristics of electric bikes:
With foot function;
DC battery voltage does not exceed the maximum 48VDC;
Maximum continuous rated power does not exceed 0.25kw;
Reached 25km / h speed, the output of electric bikes required decreases and eventually end.
The regulations of the electric bicycle requirements are:
Electric cables and connections
Electro Magnetic Compatibility
Maximum speed for which the electric motor gives assistance
Maximum power measurement
Electric bicycle exports to the EU certification and other requirements:
2006/95/EC LVD Directive (Low Voltage Directive), 2004/108/EEC EMC Directive (EMC Directive) charger to comply with these instructions, corresponding to this, there are specific regulations in this part of a vehicle requirement EN15194 .
2001/95/EC GPSD Directive (General Product Safety Directive) The bicycle according to the specific use of different regulatory options:
City and travel bikes - safety requirements and test methods (refer to the European Committee for Standardization EN 14764:2005);
Mountain bikes - safety requirements and test methods (refer to the European Committee for Standardization EN 14766:2005);
Racing bikes - safety requirements and test methods (refer to the European Committee for Standardization EN 14781:2005);
Bicycle - Bicycle Accessories - Luggage rack (see CEN EN 14872:2006).
New electric bicycle (EPAC) current safety standards than apply to the complexity of traditional bicycle CEN standards. The birth of the new standards and electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) standards more closely.
European EMC standards have been applied to all types of electronic equipment and transport, such as cars, motorcycles and mopeds. EMC electromagnetic compatibility standard aims to ensure that when using hearing aids or pacemakers in the driving or riding a bike when the safety, specifically from the transport of electronic components generate electromagnetic pulses can not they use hearing aids and interfere with pacemakers. Once the electronic components of transport include the adoption of EMC testing, CE marking will be pasted. All the current in the market for electric bicycles (with pedal function) must pass EMC tests. Function of electric bicycles with pedal vehicle and electronic components in accordance with the new EN15194 EPACs safety standards, and automobiles, motorcycles, mopeds, as tested. The EPACs test and CEN test is different. CEN manufacturers can do their own testing, and in order to achieve EPACs / EMC standards, the entire system must be tested after each small adjustments need to re-test.
2. Major part of the test and requirements:
Circuits, batteries, wiring and connection devices, configure the system power supply, electromagnetic compatibility, speed, power testing, labeling, product brochures, etc..
3. Special Note:
3.1 IPX4 or more products need to meet the water requirements;
3.2 The key components such as batteries, battery charger, circuit connectors need to meet EU regulatory requirements;
3.3 letters and numbers on the product label shall be not less than 2mm, the icon's height not less than 5mm;
3.4 specification should be detailed, including how to clean up and maintenance of the product notes;
3.5 Laboratory tests need to control the instrument error ± 2%, need to test the ambient temperature between 5-35 ℃;
3.6 Electromagnetic compatibility requirements require the application of EN 55014-1, EN 55014-2, EN 61000-6-1, EN 61000-6-3 and other standards to consider.